There are a lot of factors which go into selecting a dog breed such as the kind of lifestyle you have, whether you have kids in your house or not, the general purpose of having a dog etc. The climate of the region where you live is another primary factor to take into account when selecting a dog breed. After all, you want your dog to be as comfortable as possible, right? Here is some info on what types of dogs are suited to which climate, that may help you narrow down your search when looking for a dog.
For cold climate
Places which experience cold climates throughout the year or for most part of the year are generally best for large breeds which are heavy coated. Some of the dog breeds which are best suited to this kind of weather conditions are Saint Bernard, Golden Retriever, Bernese Mountain Dog, Siberian Husky and Great Pyrenees. Their heavy coat protects them from cold conditions and keeps them warm, while their big frames help them maneuver tough, snowy terrain. In other words, these breeds can be kept outside in cold conditions for much longer than other breeds. However, keeping the dogs outside in harsh conditions for too long is not recommended.
For hot climate
As the climate conditions are opposite, we will have to reverse the breed type too. For places which experience hot climate throughout the year or for most of the year, breeds which not much hair and a relatively lean frame do well. Some of the breeds best suited to hot climates are the Doberman Pinscher, Dalmatian, Greyhound, Beagle, Border Collie and Cairn Terrier. Generally speaking, here is what you should avoid in dog breeds if you live in hot climate:
Pushed in faces - Breeds with pushed in faces find it hard to breathe in hot weather conditions. Some common examples of such breeds are the Bulldog, Pug and Boxer.
Very large frame - Generally, dog breeds with a large frame should be avoided for hot weather conditions. Dogs which are large in size such as Saint Bernard and the Tibetan Mastiff find it hard to exercise in hot weather conditions, which can lead to health and behavioral issues.
Too furry - This one is the most obvious of the lot. For hot climates, it is best to avoid breeds with too much fur on their body since it can make them uncomfortable in hot conditions. Therefore, breeds such as the American Eskimo Dog are not recommended for the country like India.
It should be noted that the above info is general guidance only. With proper care and grooming, dog breeds can be easily adapted to different weather conditions. The above guidelines only serve as a pointer to what is best suited to certain conditions.